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General Information

Sicily, the largest island of the Mediterranean Sea has a vaguely triangular shape and is surrounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea on the North and the Ionic Sea on the East. The Canal of Sicily on the southwest is about 140 km from the African continent. The straight of Messina about3 km divides the island from the mainland, Italy, on the Northeast. Its territory is mostly hilly.

Staying in Sicily means between seaside holidays and places steeped in history and relaxing holidays or archaeological trails that make their testimony on centuries of history and domination.

Geographic information on Sicily

Region: Sicily
Surface: 25707 km ²
Population: 5,077,000
Population density: 197 inhabitants / km ²
Regional capital: Palermo 679,000 pop.
Provincial capitals: Agrigento 55,400 pop., Caltanissetta 62,300 pop., Catania 336,200 pop., Enna 28,400 pop., Messina 257,300 pop. Ragusa 69,700 pop., Syracuse 125,700 pop., Trapani 69,200 pop.
The mountains are in: Etna 3323 m, 1979 m Pizzo Carbonara
The main rivers: Imera-sauce 144 km, 113 km Simeto, Alcantara 52 km
The main lakes: Lake Poma (artificial), Lake Pozzillo (artificial), Lake `s Ogliastro (artificial), Lake Pergusa 1.8 km ²
Islands: 25,426 km ² Sicily, Aeolian Islands 115 km ² (37.3 km ² Lipari, Salina 26.4 km ² 20.9 km ² Vulcano, Stromboli 12.2 km ²), Pantelleria 83 km ², Aegadian 37.5 km ² (19 Favignana , 8 km ², Marettimo 12.3 km ²), I. 25.5 km ² Pelagie (Lampedusa 20.2 km ²)

The Sicilian coastline surpasses 1.000 km and 1.500 km, if the smaller islands are included. The Northern coastline stretches from Capo Peloro near Messina to Capo Lilibeo near Marsala. In the West, it extends from Marsala to Trapani and changes landscape completely turning into the white of the salt water (saline). The Southern coastline, sandy and low, reaches Capo Passero the extreme southern part of Sicily in the province of Ragusa. Still, the Eastern coastline is characterized by the presence of numerous gulfs: Noto, Augusta and Catania. North of Catania, tall hills of calcareous stones from the Peloritan Mountains and lava stones from Mount Etna distinguish the surroundings with spectacular breathtaking views.

Mountains and Volcanoes
The Sicilian Apennines can be considered in part as a continuation of the Calabrian Apennines and are divided in three different sections: the Peloritan Mountains between Messina and Patti (northeast); the Nebrodi Mountains (northwest) and, further West, the Madonie Mountains.
Mount Etna is not only the highest mountain in Sicily 3.323 m) but also the highest active volcano in Europe. Sicily is made up of three volcanic districts: the Aeolian Islands, Etna and the Canal of Sicily.

Islands and archipelagos
Small islands and archipelagoes are to be found around the island: the Aeolian Islands and Ustica north of Sicily in the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Aegadian Islands off the coast of Trapani on the West side; and Pantelleria and the Pelagie Islands with Lampedusa in the Southwest of the Canal of Sicily.

Website: http://www.regione.sicilia.it

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